Difference between revisions of "Working with MARC"

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== Working with MaRC ==
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MARC stands for Machine Readable Cataloging, and many folks in the code4lib community find themselves working with MARC records at some point. This page is meant to be a round-up of the tools for working with MARC. If you want a general introduction to the standard, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MARC_standards the Wikipedia article] is a good place to start. MARC data is usually expressed either in ISO 2709 ("binary") form or MARCXML form.
  
MaRC stands for Machine Readable Cataloging, and many folks in the code4lib community find themselves working with marc records at some point. This page is meant to be a round-up of the tools for working with marc. If you want a general introduction to the standard, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MARC_standards the wikipedia article] is a good place to start.
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__TOC__
  
=== Desktop tools ===
 
[http://people.oregonstate.edu/~reeset/marcedit/html/index.php MarcEdit]
 
  
=== Getting Sample Data ===
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== Reference information ==
  
One common question is where to get sample marc records for testing or playing around with. If you work at a library, chances are good that you can get some records out of your ILS (go ask your systems librarian if you don't know how to do this yourself). If you don't work in a library, you can get marc records from the internet archive at [http://www.archive.org/details/marcrecords http://www.archive.org/details/marcrecords].  
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* [http://www.loc.gov/marc/ Library of Congress MARC Standards Pages] (covers MARC21; formerly USMARC)
 +
* [http://www.bl.uk/bibliographic/ukmarc.html British Library UKMARC Pages]
 +
* [http://archive.ifla.org/VI/3/p1996-1/sec-uni.htm IFLA UNIMARC Pages]
 +
* [http://www.oclc.org/content/bibformats/en.html OCLC MARC Pages]
  
There is a nascent movement within the code4lib community to establish a test set of problematic marc records, especially records that are representative of the kinds of weirdness that is encountered in real libraries. It is hoped that this could eventually become a test corpus against which to run various marc processing implementations. For more information, watch [http://www.archive.org/details/MARCTHULU Simon Spero's excellent talk from Code4LibCon 2010].
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== Desktop tools ==
  
=== Searching and Indexing Systems ===
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* [http://marcedit.reeset.net/ MarcEdit]
  
==== Solr ====
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* [http://csharpmarc.net/ C# MARC Editor]: is a simple and light weight MARC Editor for Windows
  
[http://code.google.com/p/solrmarc/ solrmarc]
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* [http://www.auto-graphics.com/download/SHOWMARC.EXE Showmarc]: is a DOS program that will show all the MARC fields used and how many times each is used.
  
==== Zebra ====
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* [http://rossjohnson.homemail.com.au/MARCRTP/ MARC Record Translation Program] (MARC RTP) is a command line utility that shows fields and subfields used in a collection of MARC records and then converts, and selectively imports, into databases built with general-purpose applications.
  
[[Getting Started with Zebra]] - indexing and searching MARC records
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* The [http://www.loc.gov/marc/marc-functional-analysis/tool.html FRBR Display Tool] takes a file of MARC records and creats XML and HTML files arranged using the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records principles.
  
=== Programming libraries ===
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* [http://mysite.du.edu/~ttyler/freeware/marcxgen.htm MarcXGen] is a Marc URL extractor and HTML generator. Useful for link checking MARC records.
  
==== Java ====
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* [http://www.loc.gov/marc/makrbrkr.html MARCMaker and MARCBreaker] are DOS programs by the Library of Congress for converting MARC records to a text format and back.
  
==== Perl ====
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* [http://www.bl.uk/bibliographic/usemarcon.html USEMARCON] is a multi-platform rule-based MARC record manipulation program. It is a command-line utility but there is also a GUI for it.
  
There are quite a few options for manipulating MaRC with perl. You can find many of them at CPAN at [http://search.cpan.org/search?query=marc&mode=all http://search.cpan.org/search?query=marc&mode=all]
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== Getting Marc Indexed for Search Engines ==
  
==== PHP ====
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=== MARC in Solr ===
  
[http://pear.php.net/package/File_MARC/ File_MARC]
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* SolrMarc https://github.com/solrmarc/solrmarc
  
==== Python ====
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* Solr http://lucene.apache.org/solr
  
==== Ruby ====
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* Catmandu http://librecat.org (provides also loading into ElasticSearch, MongoDB and others)
  
[[ruby-marc]] - some notes and recipes for processing MARC files in ruby
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=== MARC in Zebra ===
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 +
* Getting Started with Zebra http://wiki.code4lib.org/index.php/Getting_Started_with_Zebra
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* Zebra  http://www.indexdata.com/zebra
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 +
 
 +
== MARC Programming Libraries ==
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|-valign="top"
 +
! Project !! Language !! class="unsortable" | Links !! class="unsortable" | Notes
 +
|-valign="top"
 +
| MARC4J || Java || http://marc4j.tigris.org/ ||
 +
|-valign="top"
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| javamarc || Java || http://github.com/billdueber/javamarc || Fork of MARC4J
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|-valign="top"
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| MARC/Perl || Perl || http://marcpm.sf.net || Umbrella project; see also [http://search.cpan.org/search?query=marc&mode=all CPAN]
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|-valign="top"
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| pymarc || Python || http://github.com/edsu/pymarc/ ||
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|-valign="top"
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| File_MARC || PHP || http://pear.php.net/package/File_MARC/ || PEAR package; sanctioned fork of PHP-MARC
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|-valign="top"
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| PHP-MARC || PHP || http://www.emilda.org/index.php?q=php-marc || Abandoned(?); served as basis for File_MARC
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|-valign="top"
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| ruby-marc || Ruby || http://rubyforge.org/projects/marc/ <br/> http://wiki.code4lib.org/index.php/Ruby-marc ||
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|-valign="top"
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| enhanced-marc || Ruby || http://github.com/rsinger/enhanced-marc || Convenience methods for ruby-marc
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|-valign="top"
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| marc21 || Scheme || http://code.google.com/p/marc21 ||
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|-valign="top"
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| marcerl || Erlang || svn://pubserv.oclc.org/marcerl|| Very alpha code
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|-valign="top"
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| Scala-MARC || Scala || http://github.com/achelous/Scala-MARC ||
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|-valign="top"
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| MARC Library (SobekCM) || C# || http://sourceforge.net/projects/marclibrary/ || Implemented in .NET 4.0 with LINQ and streams with Z39.50 support
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|-valign="top"
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| CSharp MARC || C# || http://csharpmarc.net || Based upon File_MARC Pear packaged for PHP, but restyled for use in .NET
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|-valign="top"
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| MARC.NET || C# || http://github.com/willkurt/MARC.NET || basic start, not thoroughly 'real world' tested
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|-valign="top"
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| marc_record.js || JavaScript || http://www.pusc.it/bib/mel/marc_record.js (dead link) || Part of [http://www.pusc.it/bib/mel/ MARC Editor Lite] (dead link)
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|-valign="top"
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| marcjs || JavaScript (node) || https://github.com/fredericd/marcjs ||
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|-valign="top"
 +
| USEMARCON || C++ || http://www.nationallibrary.fi/libraries/format/usemarcon.html || A rule-based MARC record conversion library
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|-valign="top"
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| clj-marc || Clojure || http://github.com/phochste/clj-marc || Basic MARC21 and Aleph500 sequential export parser
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|-valign="top"
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| MARC4J.Net || C# || https://github.com/mxurshid/MARC4J.Net || https://www.nuget.org/packages/MARC4J.Net
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|-valian="top"
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| marc4js || JavaScript (Node.js) || https://github.com/jiaola/marc4js || Read/transform/write records with Node stream api. Handles MARC8 and UTF8.
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|-valign="top"
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| marcli || Go || https://github.com/hectorcorrea/marcli || Command line to parse MARC files
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|-valign="top"
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| fml || Go || https://github.com/MITLibraries/fml || MARC 21 library for Go 
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|}
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A feed of commit messages and release announcements from many of the projects listed above can be found at http://pipes.yahoo.com/gmcharlt/marctoolchanges.
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 +
== Utilities and Frameworks ==
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|-valign="top"
 +
! Project !! Language !! class="unsortable" | Links !! class="unsortable" | Notes
 +
|-valign="top"
 +
| MarcXimiL || Python || http://marcximil.sourceforge.net/ || Bibliographic Similarity Analysis Framework
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|-valign="top"
 +
| Catmandu || Perl || http://librecat.org || An ETL-framework to extract, transform and load MARC (and other formats) from/to various databases, indexes
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Getting Sample Data ==
 +
 
 +
One common question is where to get sample MARC records for testing or playing around with. If you work at a library, chances are good that you can get some records out of your ILS (go ask your systems librarian if you don't know how to do this yourself). If you don't work in a library, you can get [http://www.archive.org/details/ol_data MARC bibliographic records from the Internet Archive].
 +
 
 +
You can also get [http://www.hathitrust.org/data MARCXML data for titles in HathiTrust through OAI-PMH].
 +
 
 +
There is a nascent movement within the code4lib community to establish a test set of problematic MARC records, especially records that are representative of the kinds of weirdness that is encountered in real libraries. It is hoped that this could eventually become a test corpus against which to run various MARC processing implementations. For more information, watch [http://www.archive.org/details/MARCTHULU Simon Spero's excellent talk from Code4LibCon 2010].
 +
 
 +
MARC records for authority data are more common. The [http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/download.html Getty Vocabularies] makes both the The Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) and The Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) freely available. The [http://www.library.northwestern.edu/public/gsafd/ Guidelines On Subject Access To Individual Works Of Fiction, Drama, Etc.] records are available from Northwestern University. The [http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/filelist.html Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)] are available in many formats, one of them being MARC.
 +
 
 +
== Reporting on How MARC Has Been Used ==
 +
 
 +
[http://experimental.worldcat.org/marcusage/ MARC Usage in WorldCat] - A site that reports on how MARC has been used within the 300 million record WorldCat database

Latest revision as of 21:02, 12 March 2020

MARC stands for Machine Readable Cataloging, and many folks in the code4lib community find themselves working with MARC records at some point. This page is meant to be a round-up of the tools for working with MARC. If you want a general introduction to the standard, the Wikipedia article is a good place to start. MARC data is usually expressed either in ISO 2709 ("binary") form or MARCXML form.


Reference information

Desktop tools

  • Showmarc: is a DOS program that will show all the MARC fields used and how many times each is used.
  • MARC Record Translation Program (MARC RTP) is a command line utility that shows fields and subfields used in a collection of MARC records and then converts, and selectively imports, into databases built with general-purpose applications.
  • The FRBR Display Tool takes a file of MARC records and creats XML and HTML files arranged using the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records principles.
  • MarcXGen is a Marc URL extractor and HTML generator. Useful for link checking MARC records.
  • MARCMaker and MARCBreaker are DOS programs by the Library of Congress for converting MARC records to a text format and back.
  • USEMARCON is a multi-platform rule-based MARC record manipulation program. It is a command-line utility but there is also a GUI for it.

Getting Marc Indexed for Search Engines

MARC in Solr

MARC in Zebra


MARC Programming Libraries

Project Language Links Notes
MARC4J Java http://marc4j.tigris.org/
javamarc Java http://github.com/billdueber/javamarc Fork of MARC4J
MARC/Perl Perl http://marcpm.sf.net Umbrella project; see also CPAN
pymarc Python http://github.com/edsu/pymarc/
File_MARC PHP http://pear.php.net/package/File_MARC/ PEAR package; sanctioned fork of PHP-MARC
PHP-MARC PHP http://www.emilda.org/index.php?q=php-marc Abandoned(?); served as basis for File_MARC
ruby-marc Ruby http://rubyforge.org/projects/marc/
http://wiki.code4lib.org/index.php/Ruby-marc
enhanced-marc Ruby http://github.com/rsinger/enhanced-marc Convenience methods for ruby-marc
marc21 Scheme http://code.google.com/p/marc21
marcerl Erlang svn://pubserv.oclc.org/marcerl Very alpha code
Scala-MARC Scala http://github.com/achelous/Scala-MARC
MARC Library (SobekCM) C# http://sourceforge.net/projects/marclibrary/ Implemented in .NET 4.0 with LINQ and streams with Z39.50 support
CSharp MARC C# http://csharpmarc.net Based upon File_MARC Pear packaged for PHP, but restyled for use in .NET
MARC.NET C# http://github.com/willkurt/MARC.NET basic start, not thoroughly 'real world' tested
marc_record.js JavaScript http://www.pusc.it/bib/mel/marc_record.js (dead link) Part of MARC Editor Lite (dead link)
marcjs JavaScript (node) https://github.com/fredericd/marcjs
USEMARCON C++ http://www.nationallibrary.fi/libraries/format/usemarcon.html A rule-based MARC record conversion library
clj-marc Clojure http://github.com/phochste/clj-marc Basic MARC21 and Aleph500 sequential export parser
MARC4J.Net C# https://github.com/mxurshid/MARC4J.Net https://www.nuget.org/packages/MARC4J.Net
marc4js JavaScript (Node.js) https://github.com/jiaola/marc4js Read/transform/write records with Node stream api. Handles MARC8 and UTF8.
marcli Go https://github.com/hectorcorrea/marcli Command line to parse MARC files
fml Go https://github.com/MITLibraries/fml MARC 21 library for Go

A feed of commit messages and release announcements from many of the projects listed above can be found at http://pipes.yahoo.com/gmcharlt/marctoolchanges.

Utilities and Frameworks

Project Language Links Notes
MarcXimiL Python http://marcximil.sourceforge.net/ Bibliographic Similarity Analysis Framework
Catmandu Perl http://librecat.org An ETL-framework to extract, transform and load MARC (and other formats) from/to various databases, indexes

Getting Sample Data

One common question is where to get sample MARC records for testing or playing around with. If you work at a library, chances are good that you can get some records out of your ILS (go ask your systems librarian if you don't know how to do this yourself). If you don't work in a library, you can get MARC bibliographic records from the Internet Archive.

You can also get MARCXML data for titles in HathiTrust through OAI-PMH.

There is a nascent movement within the code4lib community to establish a test set of problematic MARC records, especially records that are representative of the kinds of weirdness that is encountered in real libraries. It is hoped that this could eventually become a test corpus against which to run various MARC processing implementations. For more information, watch Simon Spero's excellent talk from Code4LibCon 2010.

MARC records for authority data are more common. The Getty Vocabularies makes both the The Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) and The Union List of Artist Names (ULAN) freely available. The Guidelines On Subject Access To Individual Works Of Fiction, Drama, Etc. records are available from Northwestern University. The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) are available in many formats, one of them being MARC.

Reporting on How MARC Has Been Used

MARC Usage in WorldCat - A site that reports on how MARC has been used within the 300 million record WorldCat database