→Major Dates in Recent Library Metadata History
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==Major Dates in
Recent Library Metadata History==
The date of metadata creation affects what type of information is contained within a record as standards have evolved over time.
===1961 International Conference on Cataloging Principles - "The Paris Principles"===
Established agreement on entry and choice of heading for bibliographic records. After this meeting there was increased uniformity among national cataloging practices because many countries rewrote their cataloging codes to conform to these principles. Principles were based on [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seymour_Lubetzky Seymour Lubetzky's] work, which was built upon [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthony_Panizzi Panizzi] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Ammi_Cutter Cutter]. There were inconsistencies and different interpretations in the application of the Principles despite agreement on common components of descriptive metadata. National libraries of different nations applied the rules differently.
===1971 First Draft of International Standard Book Description (ISBD)===
There was a need for a uniform standard of application of the Paris Principles. IFLA developed a draft standard, applied immediately by UK, France, and Germany. The standard went through years of refinement. Initially it was applied solely to monographs and morphed into the ISBD(M) ... M standing for monographs and ISBD(G) for general framework. The recognition of various types of library material led to the development of ISBD(S)for serials, (CM) cartographic materials, (NBM) non-book, (PM) printed music, (A) antiquarian, (CP) component parts (i.e. analytics for the contents of works). In 2011, the various ISBDs were consolidated into a single text